Equal Rights Amendment

Some people now argue that the federal ERA proposed in 1972 can be resurrected by state legislatures (the so-called "three-state strategy").   However, in 1982 the U.S. Supreme Court declared that the federal ERA sent to the state legislatures by Congress in 1972 was legally dead.  Read the Supreme Court's order, as well as a memo from the Acting Solicitor General of the United States on which the order was based.  [PDF]


NRLC memo to Illinois General Assembly, in opposition to resolution purporting to ratify the 1972 federal ERA -- March 10, 2017

To view or download PDF version, click here.


Legal brief written by NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund lawyers, submitted to New Mexico Supreme Court on behalf of the New Mexico Women's Bar Association and the New Mexico Public Health Association, arguing that an ERA nullifies state policy against funding of abortion -- January, 1996


NRL News: New Mexico Supreme Court Ruling the ERA Requires Taxpayer-Funded Abortions -- November 25, 1998


Read the text of the New Mexico Supreme Court Decision [PDF]


Catholic Bishops oppose federal ERA unless it is amended [PDF] - April 26, 1984


NRL News: U. S. House of Representatives rejects attempt to revive unamended federal ERA [PDF] - September 24, 1983


Decision of the U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho in Idaho v. Freeman, in which the court found that the congressional attempt to extend the ERA ratification deadline from 1979 to 1982 was unconstitutional, and found that rescissions (withdrawals) of ratification prior to the original deadline were valid [PDF] - December 23, 1981


NRLC letter to U.S. House of Representatives opposing both new ERA and a "three-state" resolution on 1972 ERA -- March 5, 2015
To view or download PDF version, click here


Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) announced the reintroduction of the proposed federal ERA in the U.S. House of Representatives at a press conference outside the U.S. Capitol on July 21, 2009. Read the flyer that a group of ERA supporters associated with the competing "three-state" strategy handed out at that press conference ("This is not the time to start over . . .") [PDF]


New Federal ERA Introduced in Congress - March 30, 2007


NRL News: 'three-state strategy' to revive pro-abortion 1972 federal ERA turned back in Arkansas [PDF] - March, 2007


St. Louis Post-Dispatch: "The ERA and Abortion: Not So Simple." Op-Ed by NRLC Legislative Director Douglas Johnson - April 4, 2000


"Night of the Living Dead Amendment." George F. Will dissects the "three-state" theory promoted by some ERA supporters [PDF] - February 13, 1994


American Politics Magazine: "Aborting the ERA," by NRLC Legislative Director Douglas Johnson [PDF] - May, 1987